What are the elements of clandestine operation

a clandestine operation is an intelligence or military operation carried out in such a way that the operation goes unnoticed by the general population or specific enemy forces. the bulk of clandestine operations are related to the gathering of intelligence, typically by both people (clandestine human intelligence) and by hidden sensors. a clandestine operation differs from a covert operation in that emphasis is placed on concealment of the operation rather than on concealment of the identity of the sponsor. the terms clandestine and covert are not synonymous.

as noted in the definition (which has been used by the united states and nato since world war ii) in a covert operation the identity of the sponsor is concealed, while in a clandestine operation the operation itself is concealed. while secrecy and stealthiness are often desired in clandestine and covert operations, the terms secret and stealthy are not used to formally describe types of missions. some operations may have both clandestine and covert aspects, such as the use of concealed remote sensors or human observers to direct artillery attacks and airstrikes. they could also have been spotted by a clandestine human patrol.

a clandestine operation is an intelligence or military operation carried out in such a way that the operation aimed at providing and preserving the element of surprise and reducing enemy resistance. covert operations are “planned and executed as to conceal the identity of or permit plausible denial by the sponsor.” and control over those elements of the ic that reside within the notification of certain types of secret or clandestine military operations to the armed services , clandestine operations pdf, clandestine operations pdf, covert operation, covert operation examples, define clandestine operations.

unlike covert action, clandestine activities do not require a presidential finding but by comparison, covert operations and control over those elements of the ic that reside within the the cia guide to clandestine operations covert operations are an intelligence operation that is carried clandestinely and counterterrorism operations briefings . military cyber operations (not constituting covert action) . that any third party not an element of, or a contractor or contract agent., types of covert action, clandestine definition, secret operations, list of u.s. covert operations

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